What Are Ping Pong Table Tops Made Of

What Are Ping Pong Table Tops Made Of

Last modified: October 14, 2023

Whether you’re a seasoned veteran of the ping pong world or a newcomer stepping up to the table for the first time, one thing everyone can agree on is how crucial the playing surface is. The table top is the field of play, the stage where all the dramatic spins and the audacious shots are executed. So, what is the ping pong table top made of? Let’s dive right into that.

Materials Used in Ping Pong Table Top

There’s a variety of materials that can go into creating a ping pong table top, and which one is used depends on several factors. The differences in materials can greatly affect the gameplay owning to the changes in ball bounce, spin, and speed.


The most common material used for ping pong table tops is wood, specifically medium density fiberboard (MDF). This is because it offers a good balance of durability and playability, while also being cost-effective. The thick layers of MDF also provide an ideal bouncing surface for the ping pong ball, making the game more enjoyable and engaging.

Aluminium Composite

For outdoor tables, manufacturers often go for aluminium composite to resist the elements while still providing a decent playing surface. The top is typically a thin, durable sheet of aluminium attached to a wood or MDF core. It is coated with a special paint to protect it from the sun’s rays and rainfall, ensuring your ping pong fun continues irrespective of the weather.


Concrete table tops were quite popular for outdoor community parks or school playgrounds. This material is highly durable and can withstand harsh weather conditions. However, it doesn’t provide the same level of bounce as wood or aluminium composite, potentially affecting the gameplay.

Thickness of a Ping Pong Table Top

Regardless of the material used, the thickness of the ping pong table top is a critical factor that affects the ball’s bounce and overall gameplay experience. The table thickness can range from 12mm to 25mm.

12mm – 16mm Table Tops

These are typically found on recreational or beginner tables. The thinner surfaces can play slower and have noticeably less bounce, but they can still offer a decent game, especially for beginners and casual players.

18mm – 22mm Table Tops

Tables in this thickness range start to display a significant improvement in playability and are a good option for intermediate players. They provide a consistent bounce and also have a better durability and lifespan.

25mm Table Tops

The highest quality table tennis tables have a 25mm thick top. They offer the best bounce and are used for professional matches and tournaments. If you’re a competitive player or someone who enjoys the very best gameplay experience, tables with a 25mm thick top are the way to go.

Coating and Paint Finishing

One final factor worth mentioning is the coating and paint finishing of the table top. This not only affects the table’s look and feel but also its performance.

Glossy Paint

A glossy finish provides a slick surface that adds speed to the game but can cause problems with glare in brightly lit conditions or outdoors.

Matte Paint

A matte or non-glossy finish reduces glare and allows good visibility, making it easier for players to track the ball.

Ball-Mark Technology

Some high-end tables come with a special paint that includes ‘ball-mark’ technology. This means the surface can momentarily show the ball’s impact point, adding to the excitement of the game.


To wrap it up, whether it’s MDF, aluminium composite, or concrete, the material of the ping pong table top plays a crucial role in setting the stage for the game. From the raw material selection to decisions about thickness and coating, each element can affect the bounce, spin, speed, and overall gameplay experience. So, the next time you step up to the table, you’ll see it’s more than just a flat surface – it’s a carefully crafted playing field where every component adds to the thrilling game of ping pong.

Additional Ping-Pong Resources:
Table Tennis Girl is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program that helps website admins earn advertising fees by linking to Amazon.com. We only earn a commission if you purchase an item from amazon.com. The prices on Amazon do not change (either way) if you reach them via our links.