What Are Ping Pong Balls Made Out Of

What Are Ping Pong Balls Made Out Of

Last modified: October 13, 2023

Welcome, fellow ping pong enthusiasts! Today, we’re diving deep into an area that’s all too often overlooked. Sure, we talk a lot about technique, strategy, and the occasional epic ping pong match. But have you ever stopped to wonder what your reliable ping pong ball is made from?

The Basics of a Ping Pong Ball

Ping pong balls, or table tennis balls, are far more complex than they might appear. On the surface, they are small, lightweight, and perfectly round, but their creation involves a detailed process and a specific material.

Size and Weight

A standard ping pong ball measures 40mm in diameter and weighs around 2.7 grams. Balancing this delicate ratio of size to weight is key for achieving the perfect bounce and flight.


Why are most ping pong balls white or orange? It’s all about visibility. These colors stand out against typically green or blue ping pong tables, making it easier for players to keep their eye on the ball.


Originally, ping pong balls were made out of celluloid. Due to its highly flammable nature, manufacturers switched to a safer material – plastic. More specifically, they are made of a type of plastic known as polyethylene. It’s lightweight, strong, and well-suited to rapid-fire ping pong play.

The Manufacturing Process of a Ping Pong Ball

Producing a ping pong ball isn’t an immediate, straightforward task. The manufacturing process requires precision to ensure each ball matches the standard criteria for competitive play.


The first step in creating a ping pong ball involves molding two identically sized plastic halves. These halves are heated until soft and then pressed into hemispherical molds until they cool and harden.


Next, the two halves are glued together to form a little sphere. It’s vital that this process is meticulous as any imperfections in the seal can drastically alter the ball’s bounce and trajectory.


The final step is a buffing process, which smooths out the joining line and any other imperfections on the surface of the ball to provide an even, continuous surface that offers consistent play.

Quality of a Ping Pong Ball

Not all ping pong balls are created equal. The quality can significantly affect your ping pong game, so let’s take a look at what makes a quality ping pong ball.

Star Ratings

Ping Pong balls come with star ratings, usually from one to three. Three-star balls are the best quality, used in official tournaments. Balls with one or two stars might be lighter and less durable but can be suitable for practice or casual gameplay.


A top-quality ping pong ball should bounce 23cm high when dropped from a height of 30cm. This bounce is tested when a ball is deemed ready for professional play to guarantee players face no unfair advantages or disadvantages on the field.


A ball’s capacity to maintain spin mid-air can drastically impact a game. Quality ping pong balls will have a smooth, uniform surface which allows for accurate and consistent spin.


Understanding what ping pong balls are made from might not change your backhand’s effectiveness or perfect that tricky serve, but it’s an interesting subject that often goes unnoticed. Besides, you never know when this kind of juicy trivia could come in handy! Happy ping-pong playing, everyone!

Additional Ping-Pong Resources:
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