What Are Ping Pong Balls Made Of

What Are Ping Pong Balls Made Of

Last modified: September 25, 2023

What are ping pong balls made of?

Ping pong, also known as table tennis, is a popular indoor sport enjoyed by people of all ages. One of the essential components of the game is the ping pong ball. Made from a specific material, ping pong balls are designed to have specific characteristics that allow them to be used in the fast-paced and competitive nature of the sport. So, what exactly are ping pong balls made of? Let’s find out!


Traditionally, ping pong balls were made from celluloid, a highly flammable material. This material was widely used for manufacturing ping pong balls until the early 2000s. Celluloid ping pong balls had a characteristic white color and were known for their excellent bounce and durability.


In recent years, the use of celluloid has been phased out due to safety concerns and environmental reasons. Most modern ping pong balls are now made from a type of plastic called acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS). ABS is a durable and non-flammable material, making it a safer choice for manufacturing ping pong balls. These plastic balls are available in a variety of colors, usually white or orange, and meet the official standards set by the International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF).

Seamless vs. Seamed

Ping pong balls can be classified into two main categories based on their construction: seamless and seamed.

Seamless ping pong balls are made from a single piece of material, resulting in a smoother surface and more consistent bounce. These balls are often used in professional tournaments and offer a higher level of precision and control during gameplay.

Seamed ping pong balls, on the other hand, are made by fusing two halves of the ball together. The seam running along the circumference of the ball may slightly affect its bounce characteristics. Seamed balls are commonly used for recreational play and practice sessions.

The Importance of Ball Quality

In table tennis, the quality of the ping pong ball greatly affects the overall gameplay experience. A high-quality ball ensures a consistent bounce, reliable spin, and adequate durability. Professional players often have their preferred brand and type of balls that they believe optimize their performance.

When choosing ping pong balls, it is crucial to consider their intended use. If you are a recreational player or just starting to learn the sport, affordable plastic ping pong balls will serve you well. However, if you’re aiming for higher-level play and competition, investing in seamless, ITTF-approved balls will provide a more authentic and skill-enhancing experience.


The evolution of ping pong balls from celluloid to plastic has improved safety standards and reduced environmental impact. The use of plastic materials like ABS has allowed for the production of durable, high-quality ping pong balls that meet the requirements of professional and recreational play. Whether you’re a casual player or a serious competitor, choosing the right ping pong ball is essential for an enjoyable and successful game.

Table Tennis Girl is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program that helps website admins earn advertising fees by linking to Amazon.com. We only earn a commission if you purchase an item from amazon.com. The prices on Amazon do not change (either way) if you reach them via our links.