How To Hit A Ping Pong Ball

How To Hit A Ping Pong Ball

Last modified: October 7, 2023


Ping pong, also known as table tennis, is a fast-paced and exciting sport that requires skill, strategy, and agility. One of the fundamental elements of the game is being able to hit the ball effectively. In this article, we will discuss the techniques and tips to improve your ability to hit a ping pong ball.


To hit a ping pong ball accurately and with control, it is essential to start with the correct grip. The two most common types of grips are the shakehand grip and the penhold grip.

Shakehand Grip

The shakehand grip is the most popular grip among players worldwide. To use this grip, hold the paddle as if you were shaking hands with it. The index finger should be extended and slightly above the rubber surface, giving you more control and flexibility while hitting the ball.

Penhold Grip

The penhold grip is commonly used in Asian countries. Hold the handle of the paddle between your thumb and index finger, creating a “penhold” grip. The other fingers can either be extended or curled around the handle for stability. The penhold grip provides more power but can be less versatile in terms of shots.

Stance and Footwork

Having a proper stance and footwork is crucial in hitting a ping pong ball effectively. Here are some key points to consider:


Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and slightly bent at the knees. Keep your body relaxed and centered, with your weight evenly distributed.


Footwork plays a vital role in reaching and positioning yourself for different shots. Practice moving quickly and smoothly, using small steps, and maintaining balance. Anticipate the ball’s direction and adjust your footwork accordingly to be in the best position to hit it.

Forehand Stroke

The forehand stroke is one of the most frequently used shots in ping pong. Here’s how to execute it effectively:

1. Start with the Correct Grip

Ensure that you are holding the paddle with the appropriate grip, as mentioned earlier.

2. Prepare for the Shot

Position yourself in a comfortable stance and keep your eyes focused on the ball. Anticipate the shot and get into the right position.

3. Backswing

As the ball approaches, initiate the backswing by bringing the paddle backward. This will generate power and increase the amount of spin you can put on the ball.

4. Contact Point

Make contact with the ball when it is at the peak of its bounce. Aim to hit the ball slightly in front of your body to generate more power and control.

5. Follow Through

After making contact with the ball, follow through with your stroke, extending your arm forward. This will help control the direction and speed of the shot.

Backhand Stroke

The backhand stroke requires a different technique than the forehand. Here’s how to master the backhand:

1. Adjust Your Grip

For a backhand stroke, you may need to adjust your grip slightly to get a better angle and control on the shot.

2. Position and Prepare

Similar to the forehand, position yourself correctly and prepare for the shot.

3. Swing Motion

Instead of a full-backswing like the forehand, the backhand usually involves a shorter and more compact swing. Rotate your torso and use your arm and wrist to generate power and spin.

4. Contact Point and Follow Through

Make contact with the ball at the appropriate time, slightly in front of your body. Follow through with your stroke, ensuring a smooth and controlled motion.

Serve Techniques

Serving in ping pong is an excellent opportunity to gain an advantage over your opponent. Here are a few serve techniques to consider:

1. Short Serve

A short serve is one that bounces close to the net and requires your opponent to make a quick decision. Use spin and placement to make the short serve challenging to return.

2. Long Serve

A long serve is hit with more power and aims to go beyond the opponent’s comfort zone. Use a combination of speed and spin to make the long serve difficult to return.

3. Variation and Deception

Try incorporating different spin techniques, such as side spin or backspin, to deceive your opponent. Vary the speed and placement of your serves to keep your opponent guessing.


Hitting a ping pong ball effectively requires practice, technique, and focus. Remember to start with the right grip, maintain a proper stance and footwork, and execute the forehand and backhand strokes with precision. Additionally, incorporating strategic and deceptive serves can give you an edge in the game. Keep practicing, and you’ll continuously improve your ability to hit a ping pong ball with accuracy and control.

Additional Ping-Pong Resources:
Table Tennis Girl is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program that helps website admins earn advertising fees by linking to We only earn a commission if you purchase an item from The prices on Amazon do not change (either way) if you reach them via our links.